What is house market?
The Real Estate market, in general, refers to the quantity and demand for housing in a given country or region. The standard and increase in house prices are important aspects of the housing market.
The housing industry, sometimes known as the property market, is a market in which people buy and sell homes. It brings together a range of participants, including owners selling their homes, tenants, real estate investors purchase and sell property exclusively for financial purposes, contractors, renovators, and real estate agents who operate as facilitators in the transaction of buying or selling a home.
The following characteristics are present in the housing market:
- Housing supply – the amount of housing stock available
- Housing demand
- House pricing
- The leased sector- Landlord demand and investment in buy-to-let properties
- Participation by the state in the housing market
There are several factors that affect the housing market-
- Rates of interest, which determine the cost of adjustable mortgages, are one factor that affects the housing market.
- The state of the mortgage sector impacts whether or not a person is qualified for a loan.
- Income prosperity, wages, and unemployment numbers
- Demographics and population changes
How Does Supply and Demand Affect the Housing Market?
The housing market is an outstanding demonstration of how supply and demand operates in a business. When there is a large market for property but a limited supply, home prices tend to climb. As there is an oversupply of available housing in a market, owners may drop their prices as a result of lower demand.
Whenever a commodity is in high demand, its prices go up. If there is a large supply of a good or service but not enough demand for it, the price falls. The reason is that people will bid up the prices when there is relative scarcity, and there will be unsold items when there is an oversupply.
The housing market is heavily influenced by producers and consumers, which is why it is what a carefully followed barometer. Of course, each housing transaction involves a buyer and a seller. The buyer makes an offer to purchase a property, which the seller must decide whether to accept.
The market equilibrium of a property is determined by the law of supply and demand. A lack of supply or housing availability can cause prices to rise, resulting in price wars. Different parties may be interested in a certain home, and each will try to out compete the other by raising their pricing offer.
Factors Affecting Housing Supply and Demand
In the real estate market, determining the accurate value related to market forces in a market is difficult. This is mainly due to the fact that building new homes or renovating old ones to resell takes time.
Likewise, property investment is unlike other industries in that buying and selling houses and other assets takes a long time. As a result, real estate transactions might take a very long time to complete, making it fairly liquid.
Lower rates and lending rates are two factors that will affect house demand. Individuals are more prepared to take on more debt when interest rates are so low because they can afford more borrowing for the same monthly expenditure. To put it another way, they may be able to fund the acquisition of a property since the rate of investment they must pay is not as high when interest rates are so low.
As even more purchasers enter the market, housing supply rises in tandem. In a low-interest rate situation, prices may climb even higher if there is a restricted supply of homes available.
Nevertheless, the housing stock is always fluctuating. When people relocate, inventories may rise—some may be shrinking, others may be trying to create more room for a growing family, yet others may be buying their first house. Similarly, new home construction and expansion may expand, adding to the existing inventory.
Housing market, on the other hand, diminishes following natural disasters like floods and earthquake, as well as when current houses are destroyed. Because property is a limited resource, the number of new constructions is often restricted.
When Housing Markets Crash
- The housing market slump was one of the key reasons of the Global Depression that accompanied the economic meltdown in the mid-2000s. It was due to the laws of economics.
- Consumers had access to comparatively low borrowing costs in the run-up to the economic meltdown.
- Banks were urged to offer lower mortgage rates and to ease their lending requirements.
- People who originally would not have been able to purchase a home were instantly able to achieve their aspirations of ownership. Many of these people, known as sub-prime consumers, were able to get a house with relatively modest home mortgages despite having bad credit.
Throughout this time, speculating purchasers began to enter the marketplace, pushing increasing home demand while simultaneously reducing availability. As a result of all of this, prices shot up.
Because supplies couldn’t keep up, investors started gambling in the housing market in the hopes of making quick cash by buying and house flipping in a short amount of time. However, the high pricing eventually sent consumers away, and the industry began to shrink. Demand began to dwindle, and costs began to fall. The glut of homes and subsequent quick decline in real estate prices were the precursors to the estate market’s meltdown in 2007.